Audience and the Use of Minority Languages on Twitter


  • Dong Nguyen University of Twente
  • Dolf Trieschnigg University of Twente
  • Leonie Cornips Meertens Institute and Maastricht University


twitter, audience, language choice, code-switching, dialects, sociolinguistics, multilingualism


On Twitter, many users tweet in more than one language. In this study, we examine the use of two Dutch minority languages. Users can engage with different audiences and by analyzing different types of tweets, we find that characteristics of the audience influence whether a minority language is used. Furthermore, while most tweets are written in Dutch, in conversations users often switch to the minority language.




How to Cite

Nguyen, D., Trieschnigg, D., & Cornips, L. (2021). Audience and the Use of Minority Languages on Twitter. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 9(1), 666-669. Retrieved from