E2Coop: Energy Efficient and Cooperative Obstacle Detection and Avoidance for UAV Swarms

Authors

  • Shuangyao Huang University of Otago
  • Haibo Zhang University of Otago
  • Zhiyi Huang University of Otago

Keywords:

Multi-robot Planning, Scheduling/coordination, And Execution, Planning For Co-bots And Human-robot Teaming, Real-world Robotic Planning Applications

Abstract

Energy efficiency is of critical importance to trajectory planning for UAV swarms in obstacle avoidance. In this paper, we present E2Coop, a new scheme designed to avoid collisions for UAV swarms by tightly coupling Artificial Potential Field (APF) with Particle Swarm Planning (PSO) based trajectory planning. In E2Coop, swarm members perform trajectory planning cooperatively to avoid collisions in an energy-efficient manner. E2Coop exploits the advantages of the active contour model in image processing for trajectory planning. Each swarm member plans its trajectories on the contours of the environment field to save energy and avoid collisions to obstacles. Swarm members that fall within the safeguard distance of each other plan their trajectories on different contours to avoid collisions with each other. Simulation results demonstrate that E2Coop can save energy up to 51% compared with two state-of-the-art schemes.

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Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Huang, S., Zhang, H., & Huang, Z. (2021). E2Coop: Energy Efficient and Cooperative Obstacle Detection and Avoidance for UAV Swarms. Proceedings of the International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, 31(1), 634-642. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/ICAPS/article/view/16012