Endomorphisms of Lifted Planning Problems


  • Rostislav Horčík Czech Technical University in Prague
  • Daniel Fišer Czech Technical University in Prague Saarland University




Classical Planning Techniques And Analysis


Classical planning tasks are usually modelled in the PDDL which is a schematic language based on first-order logic. Nevertheless, most of the current planners turn this first-order representation into a propositional one via the grounding process. It is well known that the grounding process may cause an exponential blowup. Therefore it is important to detect which grounded atoms are redundant in a sense that they are not necessary for finding a plan and therefore the grounding process does not need to generate them. This is usually done by a relaxed reachability analysis, which can be improved by employing structural symmetries. Symmetries are bijective self-maps preserving the structure of the PDDL task. In this paper, we introduce a new method which is based on self-maps preserving the structure but which need not be bijective. We call these maps PDDL endomorphisms and we show that they can be used for pruning of redundant objects even if they appear in a reachable atom. We formulate the computation of endomorphisms as a constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) that can be solved by an off-the-shelf CSP solver.




How to Cite

Horčík, R., & Fišer, D. (2021). Endomorphisms of Lifted Planning Problems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, 31(1), 174-183. https://doi.org/10.1609/icaps.v31i1.15960