Explaining Path Plan Optimality: Fast Explanation Methods for Navigation Meshes Using Full and Incremental Inverse Optimization

Authors

  • Martim Brandão King's College London
  • Amanda Coles King's College London
  • Daniele Magazzeni King's College London

Keywords:

Human Computer Interaction For Planning And Scheduling Systems, Applications And Case Studies Of Planning And Scheduling Techniques

Abstract

Path planners are important components of various products from video games to robotics, but their output can be counter-intuitive due to problem complexity. As a step towards improving the understanding of path plans by various users, here we propose methods that generate explanations for the optimality of paths. Given the question "why is path A optimal, rather than B which I expected?", our methods generate an explanation based on the changes to the graph that make B the optimal path. We focus on the case of path planning on navigation meshes, which are heavily used in the computer game industry and robotics. We propose two methods - one based on a single inverse-shortest-paths optimization problem, the other incrementally solving complex optimization problems. We show that these methods offer computation time improvements of up to 3 orders of magnitude relative to domain-independent search-based methods, as well as scaling better with the length of explanations. Finally, we show through a user study that, when compared to baseline cost-based explanations, our explanations are more satisfactory and effective at increasing users' understanding of problems.

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Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Brandão, M., Coles, A., & Magazzeni, D. (2021). Explaining Path Plan Optimality: Fast Explanation Methods for Navigation Meshes Using Full and Incremental Inverse Optimization. Proceedings of the International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, 31(1), 56-64. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/ICAPS/article/view/15947