Moving Target Search with Subgoal Graphs
Keywords:Moving Target Search, Subgoal Graphs, Environment Abstraction, Dynamic Path Planning, Video Games
Moving Target Search (MTS) is a dynamic path planning problem, where an agent is trying to reach a moving entity with a minimum path cost. Problems of this nature can be found in video games and dynamic robotics, which require fast processing time (real time). In this work, we introduce a new algorithm for this problem - the Moving Target Search with SubgoalGraphs (MTSub). MTSub is based on environment abstraction and uses Subgoal Graphs to speed up searches without giving up cost minimal paths. The algorithm is optimal with respect to the knowledge that the agent has during the search. Experimental results show that MTSub meets the requirement of real time performance (e.g., 5 microseconds per step). Compared to G-FRA*, which is the best known dynamic algorithm so far, MT-Sub is up to 29 times faster in average time per step and 186 times faster in maximum time per step. MTSub also compares fairly well against MtsCopa. Although in this case MTSub is up to 3.89 times slower in average response time and up to 6.81 times slower in maximum response time, it performed much better than MtsCopain the processing phase - up to 220,000 times faster and requiring up to 44 times less space.