Story Shaping: Teaching Agents Human-Like Behavior with Stories


  • Xiangyu Peng Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Christopher Cui Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Wei Zhou Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Renee Jia Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Mark Riedl Georgia Institute of Technology



AI In Games For Entertainment, Machine Learning And Reinforcement Learning In Games, Natural Language Processing In Games


Reward design for reinforcement learning agents can be difficult in situations where one not only wants the agent to achieve some effect in the world but where one also cares about how that effect is achieved. For example, we might wish for an agent to adhere to a tacit understanding of commonsense, align itself to a preference for how to behave for purposes of safety, or taking on a particular role in an interactive game. Storytelling is a mode for communicating tacit procedural knowledge. We introduce a technique, Story Shaping, in which a reinforcement learning agent infers tacit knowledge from an exemplar story of how to accomplish a task and intrinsically rewards itself for performing actions that make its current environment adhere to that of the inferred story world. Specifically, Story Shaping infers a knowledge graph representation of the world state from observations, and also infers a knowledge graph from the exemplar story. An intrinsic reward is generated based on the similarity between the agent's inferred world state graph and the inferred story world graph. We conducted experiments in text-based games requiring commonsense reasoning and shaping the behaviors of agents as virtual game characters.




How to Cite

Peng, X., Cui, C., Zhou, W., Jia, R., & Riedl, M. (2023). Story Shaping: Teaching Agents Human-Like Behavior with Stories. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment, 19(1), 326-336.