Latent Constraints on Unsupervised Text-Graph Alignment with Information Asymmetry


  • Jidong Tian Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Wenqing Chen Sun Yat-sen University
  • Yitian Li Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Caoyun Fan Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Hao He Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Yaohui Jin Shanghai Jiao Tong University



SNLP: Generation, SNLP: Other Foundations of Speech & Natural Language Processing


Unsupervised text-graph alignment (UTGA) is a fundamental task that bidirectionally generates texts and graphs without parallel data. Most available models of UTGA suffer from information asymmetry, a common phenomenon that texts and graphs include additional information invisible to each other. On the one hand, these models fail to supplement asymmetric information effectively due to the lack of ground truths. On the other hand, it is challenging to indicate asymmetric information with explicit indicators because it cannot be decoupled from the data directly. To address the challenge posed by information asymmetry, we propose the assumption that asymmetric information is encoded in unobservable latent variables and only affects the one-way generation processes. These latent variables corresponding to asymmetric information should obey prior distributions recovered approximately from original data. Therefore, we first propose a taxonomy of the latent variable that classifies the latent variable into transferrable (TV) and non-transferable (NTV) variables and further distinguish NTV as the dependent variable (DV) and the independent variable (IV). Next, we propose three latent VAE-based regularizations on TV, DV, and IV to constrain their distributions to well-designed prior distributions to introduce asymmetric information into models and enhance the preservation of shared contents. Finally, we impose the three proposed constraints on a cycle-consistent learning framework, back-translation (BT), named ConstrainedBT. Experimental results on three UTGA tasks demonstrate the effectiveness of ConstrainedBT on the information-asymmetric challenge.




How to Cite

Tian, J., Chen, W., Li, Y., Fan, C., He, H., & Jin, Y. (2023). Latent Constraints on Unsupervised Text-Graph Alignment with Information Asymmetry. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(11), 13655-13663.



AAAI Technical Track on Speech & Natural Language Processing