Human Assisted Learning by Evolutionary Multi-Objective Optimization


  • Dan-Xuan Liu Nanjing University
  • Xin Mu Peng Cheng Laboratory
  • Chao Qian Nanjing University



SO: Evolutionary Computation, ML: Evolutionary Learning, SO: Heuristic Search


Machine learning models have liberated manpower greatly in many real-world tasks, but their predictions are still worse than humans on some specific instances. To improve the performance, it is natural to optimize machine learning models to take decisions for most instances while delivering a few tricky instances to humans, resulting in the problem of Human Assisted Learning (HAL). Previous works mainly formulated HAL as a constrained optimization problem that tries to find a limited subset of instances for human decision such that the sum of model and human errors can be minimized; and employed the greedy algorithms, whose performance, however, may be limited due to the greedy nature. In this paper, we propose a new framework HAL-EMO based on Evolutionary Multi-objective Optimization, which reformulates HAL as a bi-objective optimization problem that minimizes the number of selected instances for human decision and the total errors simultaneously, and employs a Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA) to solve it. We implement HAL-EMO using two MOEAs, the popular NSGA-II as well as the theoretically grounded GSEMO. We also propose a specific MOEA, called BSEMO, with biased selection and balanced mutation for HAL-EMO, and prove that for human assisted regression and classification, HAL-EMO using BSEMO can achieve better and same theoretical guarantees than previous greedy algorithms, respectively. Experiments on the tasks of medical diagnosis and content moderation show the superiority of HAL-EMO (with either NSGA-II, GSEMO or BSEMO) over previous algorithms, and that using BSEMO leads to the best performance of HAL-EMO.




How to Cite

Liu, D.-X., Mu, X., & Qian, C. (2023). Human Assisted Learning by Evolutionary Multi-Objective Optimization. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(10), 12453-12461.



AAAI Technical Track on Search and Optimization