Bidding Graph Games with Partially-Observable Budgets


  • Guy Avni University of Haifa
  • Ismael Jecker University of Warsaw
  • Đorđe Žikelić Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA)



GTEP: Game Theory, GTEP: Other Foundations of Game Theory & Economic Paradigms


Two-player zero-sum "graph games" are central in logic, verification, and multi-agent systems. The game proceeds by placing a token on a vertex of a graph, and allowing the players to move it to produce an infinite path, which determines the winner or payoff of the game. Traditionally, the players alternate turns in moving the token. In "bidding games", however, the players have budgets and in each turn, an auction (bidding) determines which player moves the token. So far, bidding games have only been studied as full-information games. In this work we initiate the study of partial-information bidding games: we study bidding games in which a player's initial budget is drawn from a known probability distribution. We show that while for some bidding mechanisms and objectives, it is straightforward to adapt the results from the full-information setting to the partial-information setting, for others, the analysis is significantly more challenging, requires new techniques, and gives rise to interesting results. Specifically, we study games with "mean-payoff" objectives in combination with "poorman" bidding. We construct optimal strategies for a partially-informed player who plays against a fully-informed adversary. We show that, somewhat surprisingly, the "value" under pure strategies does not necessarily exist in such games.




How to Cite

Avni, G., Jecker, I., & Žikelić, Đorđe. (2023). Bidding Graph Games with Partially-Observable Budgets. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(5), 5464-5471.



AAAI Technical Track on Game Theory and Economic Paradigms