Outlier Detection in Wind Turbine Frequency Converters Using Long-Term Sensor Data


  • Nils Schwenzfeier University of Duisburg-Essen
  • Markus Heikamp University of Duisburg-Essen
  • Ole Meyer University of Duisburg-Essen
  • Andre Hönnscheidt University of Duisburg-Essen
  • Michael Steffes ConverterTec Deutschland GmbH
  • Volker Gruhn University of Duisburg-Essen




Outlier Detection, Predictive Maintenance, LSTM Autoencoder, Sensor Data


Wind energy is an important source of renewable and sustainable energy and therefore an elementary component of any future energy supply. However, the operation of large wind farms places high demands on reliability and is often impacted by high maintenance and repair costs in the event of a failure. A frequency converter is one of the most important components of each wind turbine, which ensures that the frequency of the generated energy synchronises with the grid frequency and thus enables the flow of energy into the power grid. The detection of anomalies in these devices is complex due to the high frequency and multidimensionality of different sensor information from the energy control units and requires fault patterns to be discovered and detected in large time series. In this paper, we show how state-of-the-art self-supervised-learning techniques, namely LSTM autoencoders, can be successfully applied to real-world data. We describe the extensions we have made to deal with the often very noisy sensors and describe the construction of the training data set. The trained system was first tested and evaluated on synthetic data and subsequently on a large real-world data set. In both cases, it was shown that outliers can be reliably identified using our presented approach.




How to Cite

Schwenzfeier, N., Heikamp, M., Meyer, O., Hönnscheidt, A., Steffes, M., & Gruhn, V. (2022). Outlier Detection in Wind Turbine Frequency Converters Using Long-Term Sensor Data. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(11), 12601-12607. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i11.21533