Uncertainty-Aware Learning against Label Noise on Imbalanced Datasets
Keywords:Machine Learning (ML)
AbstractLearning against label noise is a vital topic to guarantee a reliable performance for deep neural networks.Recent research usually refers to dynamic noise modeling with model output probabilities and loss values, and then separates clean and noisy samples.These methods have gained notable success. However, unlike cherry-picked data, existing approaches often cannot perform well when facing imbalanced datasets, a common scenario in the real world.We thoroughly investigate this phenomenon and point out two major issues that hinder the performance, i.e., inter-class loss distribution discrepancy and misleading predictions due to uncertainty.The first issue is that existing methods often perform class-agnostic noise modeling. However, loss distributions show a significant discrepancy among classes under class imbalance, and class-agnostic noise modeling can easily get confused with noisy samples and samples in minority classes.The second issue refers to that models may output misleading predictions due to epistemic uncertainty and aleatoric uncertainty, thus existing methods that rely solely on the output probabilities may fail to distinguish confident samples. Inspired by our observations, we propose an Uncertainty-aware Label Correction framework(ULC) to handle label noise on imbalanced datasets. First, we perform epistemic uncertainty-aware class-specific noise modeling to identify trustworthy clean samples and refine/discard highly confident true/corrupted labels.Then, we introduce aleatoric uncertainty in the subsequent learning process to prevent noise accumulation in the label noise modeling process. We conduct experiments on several synthetic and real-world datasets. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, especially on imbalanced datasets.
How to Cite
Huang, Y., Bai, B., Zhao, S., Bai, K., & Wang, F. (2022). Uncertainty-Aware Learning against Label Noise on Imbalanced Datasets. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(6), 6960-6969. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i6.20654
AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning I