Compressing Deep Convolutional Neural Networks by Stacking Low-dimensional Binary Convolution Filters
Keywords:(Deep) Neural Network Algorithms, Learning on the Edge & Model Compression, Classification and Regression
AbstractDeep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) have been successfully applied to many real-life problems. However, the huge memory cost of deep CNN models poses a great challenge of deploying them on memory-constrained devices (e.g., mobile phones). One popular way to reduce the memory cost of deep CNN model is to train binary CNN where the weights in convolution filters are either 1 or -1 and therefore each weight can be efficiently stored using a single bit. However, the compression ratio of existing binary CNN models is upper bounded by ∼ 32. To address this limitation, we propose a novel method to compress deep CNN model by stacking low-dimensional binary convolution filters. Our proposed method approximates a standard convolution filter by selecting and stacking filters from a set of low-dimensional binary convolution filters. This set of low-dimensional binary convolution filters is shared across all filters for a given convolution layer. Therefore, our method will achieve much larger compression ratio than binary CNN models. In order to train our proposed model, we have theoretically shown that our proposed model is equivalent to select and stack intermediate feature maps generated by low-dimensional binary filters. Therefore, our proposed model can be efficiently trained using the split-transform-merge strategy. We also provide detailed analysis of the memory and computation cost of our model in model inference. We compared the proposed method with other five popular model compression techniques on two benchmark datasets. Our experimental results have demonstrated that our proposed method achieves much higher compression ratio than existing methods while maintains comparable accuracy.
How to Cite
Lan, W., & Lan, L. (2021). Compressing Deep Convolutional Neural Networks by Stacking Low-dimensional Binary Convolution Filters. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(9), 8235-8242. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v35i9.17002
AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning II