Evaluation of Fake News Detection with Knowledge-Enhanced Language Models


  • Chenxi Whitehouse City, University of London
  • Tillman Weyde City, University of London
  • Pranava Madhyastha City, University of London
  • Nikos Komninos City, University of London




Credibility of online content


Recent advances in fake news detection have exploited the success of large-scale pre-trained language models (PLMs). The predominant state-of-the-art approaches are based on fine-tuning PLMs on labelled fake news datasets. However, large-scale PLMs are generally not trained on structured factual data and hence may not possess priors that are grounded in factually accurate knowledge. The use of existing knowledge bases (KBs) with rich human-curated factual information has thus the potential to make fake news detection more effective and robust. In this paper, we investigate the impact of knowledge integration into PLMs for fake news detection. We study several state-of-the-art approaches for knowledge integration, mostly using Wikidata as KB, on two popular fake news datasets - LIAR, a politics-based dataset, and COVID-19, a dataset of messages posted on social media relating to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our experiments show that knowledge-enhanced models can significantly improve fake news detection on LIAR where the KB is relevant and up-to-date. The mixed results on COVID-19 highlight the reliance on stylistic features and the importance of domain specific and current KBs. The code is available at https://github.com/chenxwh/fake-news-detection.




How to Cite

Whitehouse, C., Weyde, T., Madhyastha, P., & Komninos, N. (2022). Evaluation of Fake News Detection with Knowledge-Enhanced Language Models. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 16(1), 1425-1429. https://doi.org/10.1609/icwsm.v16i1.19400