Reconsidering Tweets: Intervening during Tweet Creation Decreases Offensive Content


  • Matthew Katsaros Yale Law School
  • Kathy Yang Twitter, Inc.
  • Lauren Fratamico Twitter, Inc.



New social media applications; interfaces; interaction techniques, Human computer interaction; social media tools; navigation and visualization, Qualitative and quantitative studies of social media, Social innovation and effecting change through social media


The proliferation of harmful and offensive content is a problem that many online platforms face today. One of the most common approaches for moderating offensive content online is via the identification and removal after it has been posted, increasingly assisted by machine learning algorithms. More recently, platforms have begun employing moderation approaches which seek to intervene prior to offensive content being posted. In this paper, we conduct an online randomized controlled experiment on Twitter to evaluate a new intervention that aims to encourage participants to reconsider their offensive content and, ultimately, seeks to reduce the amount of offensive content on the platform. The intervention prompts users who are about to post harmful content with an opportunity to pause and reconsider their Tweet. We find that users in our treatment prompted with this intervention posted 6% fewer offensive Tweets than non-prompted users in our control. This decrease in the creation of offensive content can be attributed not just to the deletion and revision of prompted Tweets - we also observed a decrease in both the number of offensive Tweets that prompted users create in the future and the number of offensive replies to prompted Tweets. We conclude that interventions allowing users to reconsider their comments can be an effective mechanism for reducing offensive content online.




How to Cite

Katsaros, M., Yang, K., & Fratamico, L. (2022). Reconsidering Tweets: Intervening during Tweet Creation Decreases Offensive Content. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 16(1), 477-487.