@article{Ahsan_Arbour_Zheleva_2023, title={Learning Relational Causal Models with Cycles through Relational Acyclification}, volume={37}, url={https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/26434}, DOI={10.1609/aaai.v37i10.26434}, abstractNote={In real-world phenomena which involve mutual influence or causal effects between interconnected units, equilibrium states are typically represented with cycles in graphical models. An expressive class of graphical models, relational causal models, can represent and reason about complex dynamic systems exhibiting such cycles or feedback loops. Existing cyclic causal discovery algorithms for learning causal models from observational data assume that the data instances are independent and identically distributed which makes them unsuitable for relational causal models. At the same time, causal discovery algorithms for relational causal models assume acyclicity. In this work, we examine the necessary and sufficient conditions under which a constraint-based relational causal discovery algorithm is sound and complete for cyclic relational causal models. We introduce relational acyclification, an operation specifically designed for relational models that enables reasoning about the identifiability of cyclic relational causal models. We show that under the assumptions of relational acyclification and sigma-faithfulness, the relational causal discovery algorithm RCD is sound and complete for cyclic relational models. We present experimental results to support our claim.}, number={10}, journal={Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence}, author={Ahsan, Ragib and Arbour, David and Zheleva, Elena}, year={2023}, month={Jun.}, pages={12164-12171} }