@article{Heule_2018, title={Schur Number Five}, volume={32}, url={https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/12209}, DOI={10.1609/aaai.v32i1.12209}, abstractNote={ <p> We present the solution of a century-old problem known as Schur Number Five: What is the largest (natural) number n such that there exists a five-coloring of the positive numbers up to n without a monochromatic solution of the equation a + b = c? We obtained the solution, n = 160, by encoding the problem into propositional logic and applying massively parallel satisfiability solving techniques on the resulting formula. We also constructed and validated a proof of the solution to increase trust in the correctness of the multi-CPU-year computations. The proof is two petabytes in size and was certified using a formally verified proof checker, demonstrating that any result by satisfiability solvers---no matter how large---can now be validated using highly trustworthy systems. </p> }, number={1}, journal={Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence}, author={Heule, Marijn}, year={2018}, month={Apr.} }