Integration and Evaluation of a Matrix Factorization Sequencer in Large Commercial ITS


  • Carlotta Schatten University of Hildesheim
  • Ruth Janning University of Hildesheim
  • Lars Schmidt-Thieme University of Hildesheim



Machine Learning, Sequencing, Matrix Factorization, Vygotsky, ITS


Correct evaluation of Machine Learning based sequencers require large data availability, large scale experiments and consideration of different evaluation measures. Such constraints make the construction of ad-hoc Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) unfeasible and impose early integration in already existing ITS, which possesses a large amount of tasks to be sequenced. However, such systems were not designed to be combined with Machine Learning methods and require several adjustments. As a consequence more than a half of the components based on recommender technology are never evaluated with an online experiment. In this paper we show how we adapted a Matrix Factorization based performance predictor and a score based policy for task sequencing to be integrated in a commercial ITS with over 2000 tasks on 20 topics. We evaluated the experiment under different perspectives in comparison with the ITS sequencer designed by experts over the years. As a result we achieve same post-test results and outperform the current sequencer in the perceived experience questionnaire with almost no curriculum authoring effort. We also showed that the sequencer possess a better user modeling, better adapting to the knowledge acquisition rate of the students.




How to Cite

Schatten, C., Janning, R., & Schmidt-Thieme, L. (2015). Integration and Evaluation of a Matrix Factorization Sequencer in Large Commercial ITS. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 29(1).