Solving Semantic Problems Using Contexts Extracted from Knowledge Graphs


  • Adrian Boteanu Worcester Polytechnic Institute



Semantic, Context, Analogy, Topic


This thesis seeks to address word reasoning problems from a semantic standpoint, proposing a uniform approach for generating solutions while also providing human-understandable explanations. Current state of the art solvers of semantic problems rely on traditional machine learning methods. Therefore their results are not easily reusable by algorithms or interpretable by humans. We propose leveraging web-scale knowledge graphs to determine a semantic frame of interpretation. Semantic knowledge graphs are graphs in which nodes represent concepts and the edges represent the relations between them. Our approach has the following advantages: (1) it reduces the space in which the problem is to be solved; (2) sparse and noisy data can be used without relying only on the relations deducible from the data itself; (3) the output of the inference algorithm is supported by an interpretable justification. We demonstrate our approach in two domains: (1) Topic Modeling: We form topics using connectivity in semantic graphs. We use the same topic models for two very different recommendation systems, one designed for high noise interactive applications and the other for large amounts of web data. (2) Analogy Solving: For humans, analogies are a fundamental reasoning pattern, which relies on abstraction and comparative analysis. In order for an analogy to be understood, precise relations have to be identified and mapped. We introduce graph algorithms to assess the analogy strength in contexts derived from the analogy words. We demonstrate our approach by solving standardized test analogy question.




How to Cite

Boteanu, A. (2014). Solving Semantic Problems Using Contexts Extracted from Knowledge Graphs. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 28(1).