The Importance of Cognition and Affect for Artificially Intelligent Decision Makers

Authors

  • Celso de Melo USC Marshall School of Business
  • Jonathan Gratch USC Institute for Creative Technologies
  • Peter Carnevale USC Marshall School of Business

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v28i1.8748

Keywords:

Mind Perception, Decision Making, Agency, Experience

Abstract

Agency - the capacity to plan and act - and experience - the capacity to sense and feel - are two critical aspects that determine whether people will perceive non-human entities, such as autonomous agents, to have a mind. There is evidence that the absence of either can reduce cooperation. We present an experiment that tests the necessity of both for cooperation with agents. In this experiment we manipulated people's perceptions about the cognitive and affective abilities of agents, when engaging in the ultimatum game. The results indicated that people offered more money to agents that were perceived to make decisions according to their intentions (high agency), rather than randomly (low agency). Additionally, the results showed that people offered more money to agents that expressed emotion (high experience), when compared to agents that did not (low experience). We discuss the implications of this agency-experience theoretical framework for the design of artificially intelligent decision makers.

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Published

2014-06-19

How to Cite

de Melo, C., Gratch, J., & Carnevale, P. (2014). The Importance of Cognition and Affect for Artificially Intelligent Decision Makers. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 28(1). https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v28i1.8748

Issue

Section

AAAI Technical Track: Cognitive Modeling