Clipped Matrix Completion: A Remedy for Ceiling Effects
We consider the problem of recovering a low-rank matrix from its clipped observations. Clipping is conceivable in many scientific areas that obstructs statistical analyses. On the other hand, matrix completion (MC) methods can recover a low-rank matrix from various information deficits by using the principle of low-rank completion. However, the current theoretical guarantees for low-rank MC do not apply to clipped matrices, as the deficit depends on the underlying values. Therefore, the feasibility of clipped matrix completion (CMC) is not trivial. In this paper, we first provide a theoretical guarantee for the exact recovery of CMC by using a trace-norm minimization algorithm. Furthermore, we propose practical CMC algorithms by extending ordinary MC methods. Our extension is to use the squared hinge loss in place of the squared loss for reducing the penalty of overestimation on clipped entries. We also propose a novel regularization term tailored for CMC. It is a combination of two trace-norm terms, and we theoretically bound the recovery error under the regularization. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods through experiments using both synthetic and benchmark data for recommendation systems.