MM-TTS: Multi-Modal Prompt Based Style Transfer for Expressive Text-to-Speech Synthesis


  • Wenhao Guan Xiamen University
  • Yishuang Li Xiamen University
  • Tao Li Xiamen University
  • Hukai Huang Xiamen University
  • Feng Wang Xiamen University
  • Jiayan Lin Xiamen University
  • Lingyan Huang Xiamen University
  • Lin Li Xiamen University
  • Qingyang Hong Xiamen University



NLP: Speech


The style transfer task in Text-to-Speech (TTS) refers to the process of transferring style information into text content to generate corresponding speech with a specific style. However, most existing style transfer approaches are either based on fixed emotional labels or reference speech clips, which cannot achieve flexible style transfer. Recently, some methods have adopted text descriptions to guide style transfer. In this paper, we propose a more flexible multi-modal and style controllable TTS framework named MM-TTS. It can utilize any modality as the prompt in unified multi-modal prompt space, including reference speech, emotional facial images, and text descriptions, to control the style of the generated speech in a system. The challenges of modeling such a multi-modal style controllable TTS mainly lie in two aspects: 1) aligning the multi-modal information into a unified style space to enable the input of arbitrary modality as the style prompt in a single system, and 2) efficiently transferring the unified style representation into the given text content, thereby empowering the ability to generate prompt style-related voice. To address these problems, we propose an aligned multi-modal prompt encoder that embeds different modalities into a unified style space, supporting style transfer for different modalities. Additionally, we present a new adaptive style transfer method named Style Adaptive Convolutions (SAConv) to achieve a better style representation. Furthermore, we design a Rectified Flow based Refiner to solve the problem of over-smoothing Mel-spectrogram and generate audio of higher fidelity. Since there is no public dataset for multi-modal TTS, we construct a dataset named MEAD-TTS, which is related to the field of expressive talking head. Our experiments on the MEAD-TTS dataset and out-of-domain datasets demonstrate that MM-TTS can achieve satisfactory results based on multi-modal prompts. The audio samples and constructed dataset are available at



How to Cite

Guan, W., Li, Y., Li, T., Huang, H., Wang, F., Lin, J., Huang, L., Li, L., & Hong, Q. (2024). MM-TTS: Multi-Modal Prompt Based Style Transfer for Expressive Text-to-Speech Synthesis. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 38(16), 18117-18125.



AAAI Technical Track on Natural Language Processing I