Identify Event Causality with Knowledge and Analogy


  • Sifan Wu RALI & Mila, University of Montreal
  • Ruihui Zhao Tencent Jarvis Lab
  • Yefeng Zheng Tencent Jarvis Lab
  • Jian Pei Duke University
  • Bang Liu RALI & Mila, University of Montreal



SNLP: Applications, KRR: Applications


Event causality identification (ECI) aims to identify the causal relationship between events, which plays a crucial role in deep text understanding. Due to the diversity of real-world causality events and difficulty in obtaining sufficient training data, existing ECI approaches have poor generalizability and struggle to identify the relation between seldom seen events. In this paper, we propose to utilize both external knowledge and internal analogy to improve ECI. On the one hand, we utilize a commonsense knowledge graph called ConceptNet to enrich the description of an event sample and reveal the commonalities or associations between different events. On the other hand, we retrieve similar events as analogy exam- ples and glean useful experiences from such analogous neigh- bors to better identify the relationship between a new event pair. By better understanding different events through exter- nal knowledge and making an analogy with similar events, we can alleviate the data sparsity issue and improve model gener- alizability. Extensive evaluations on two benchmark datasets show that our model outperforms other baseline methods by around 18% on the F1-value on average




How to Cite

Wu, S., Zhao, R., Zheng, Y., Pei, J., & Liu, B. (2023). Identify Event Causality with Knowledge and Analogy. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(11), 13745-13753.



AAAI Technical Track on Speech & Natural Language Processing