Detecting and Grounding Important Characters in Visual Stories


  • Danyang Liu University of Edinburgh
  • Frank Keller University of Edinburgh



SNLP: Language Grounding, CV: Language and Vision, HAI: Procedural Content Generation & Storytelling


Characters are essential to the plot of any story. Establishing the characters before writing a story can improve the clarity of the plot and the overall flow of the narrative. However, previous work on visual storytelling tends to focus on detecting objects in images and discovering relationships between them. In this approach, characters are not distinguished from other objects when they are fed into the generation pipeline. The result is a coherent sequence of events rather than a character-centric story. In order to address this limitation, we introduce the VIST-Character dataset, which provides rich character-centric annotations, including visual and textual co-reference chains and importance ratings for characters. Based on this dataset, we propose two new tasks: important character detection and character grounding in visual stories. For both tasks, we develop simple, unsupervised models based on distributional similarity and pre-trained vision-and-language models. Our new dataset, together with these models, can serve as the foundation for subsequent work on analysing and generating stories from a character-centric perspective.




How to Cite

Liu, D., & Keller, F. (2023). Detecting and Grounding Important Characters in Visual Stories. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(11), 13210-13218.



AAAI Technical Track on Speech & Natural Language Processing