Fundamentals of Task-Agnostic Data Valuation


  • Mohammad Mohammadi Amiri T Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Frederic Berdoz Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne
  • Ramesh Raskar Massachusetts Institute of Technology



ML: Distributed Machine Learning & Federated Learning, GTEP: Auctions and Market-Based Systems, GTEP: Applications, ML: Learning on the Edge & Model Compression


We study valuing the data of a data owner/seller for a data seeker/buyer. Data valuation is often carried out for a specific task assuming a particular utility metric, such as test accuracy on a validation set, that may not exist in practice. In this work, we focus on task-agnostic data valuation without any validation requirements. The data buyer has access to a limited amount of data (which could be publicly available) and seeks more data samples from a data seller. We formulate the problem as estimating the differences in the statistical properties of the data at the seller with respect to the baseline data available at the buyer. We capture these statistical differences through second moment by measuring diversity and relevance of the seller’s data for the buyer; we estimate these measures through queries to the seller without requesting the raw data. We design the queries with the proposed approach so that the seller is blind to the buyer’s raw data and has no knowledge to fabricate responses to the queries to obtain a desired outcome of the diversity and relevance trade-off. We will show through extensive experiments on real tabular and image datasets that the proposed estimates capture the diversity and relevance of the seller’s data for the buyer.




How to Cite

Mohammadi Amiri, M., Berdoz, F., & Raskar, R. (2023). Fundamentals of Task-Agnostic Data Valuation. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(8), 9226-9234.



AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning III