Demystifying Randomly Initialized Networks for Evaluating Generative Models


  • Junghyuk Lee Yonsei University
  • Jun-Hyuk Kim Yonsei University
  • Jong-Seok Lee Yonsei University



ML: Deep Generative Models & Autoencoders, ML: Evaluation and Analysis (Machine Learning)


Evaluation of generative models is mostly based on the comparison between the estimated distribution and the ground truth distribution in a certain feature space. To embed samples into informative features, previous works often use convolutional neural networks optimized for classification, which is criticized by recent studies. Therefore, various feature spaces have been explored to discover alternatives. Among them, a surprising approach is to use a randomly initialized neural network for feature embedding. However, the fundamental basis to employ the random features has not been sufficiently justified. In this paper, we rigorously investigate the feature space of models with random weights in comparison to that of trained models. Furthermore, we provide an empirical evidence to choose networks for random features to obtain consistent and reliable results. Our results indicate that the features from random networks can evaluate generative models well similarly to those from trained networks, and furthermore, the two types of features can be used together in a complementary way.




How to Cite

Lee, J., Kim, J.-H., & Lee, J.-S. (2023). Demystifying Randomly Initialized Networks for Evaluating Generative Models. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(7), 8482-8490.



AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning II