Deep Visual Forced Alignment: Learning to Align Transcription with Talking Face Video


  • Minsu Kim KAIST
  • Chae Won Kim KAIST
  • Yong Man Ro KAIST



ML: Multimodal Learning, CV: Language and Vision, CV: Multi-modal Vision, SNLP: Speech and Multimodality


Forced alignment refers to a technology that time-aligns a given transcription with a corresponding speech. However, as the forced alignment technologies have developed using speech audio, they might fail in alignment when the input speech audio is noise-corrupted or is not accessible. We focus on that there is another component that the speech can be inferred from, the speech video (i.e., talking face video). Since the drawbacks of audio-based forced alignment can be complemented using the visual information when the audio signal is under poor condition, we try to develop a novel video-based forced alignment method. However, different from audio forced alignment, it is challenging to develop a reliable visual forced alignment technology for the following two reasons: 1) Visual Speech Recognition (VSR) has a much lower performance compared to audio-based Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), and 2) the translation from text to video is not reliable, so the method typically used for building audio forced alignment cannot be utilized in developing visual forced alignment. In order to alleviate these challenges, in this paper, we propose a new method that is appropriate for visual forced alignment, namely Deep Visual Forced Alignment (DVFA). The proposed DVFA can align the input transcription (i.e., sentence) with the talking face video without accessing the speech audio. Moreover, by augmenting the alignment task with anomaly case detection, DVFA can detect mismatches between the input transcription and the input video while performing the alignment. Therefore, we can robustly align the text with the talking face video even if there exist error words in the text. Through extensive experiments, we show the effectiveness of the proposed DVFA not only in the alignment task but also in interpreting the outputs of VSR models.




How to Cite

Kim, M., Kim, C. W., & Ro, Y. M. (2023). Deep Visual Forced Alignment: Learning to Align Transcription with Talking Face Video. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(7), 8273-8281.



AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning II