Fisher Markets with Social Influence


  • Jiayi Zhao Pomona College
  • Denizalp Goktas Brown University
  • Amy Greenwald Brown University



GTEP: Auctions and Market-Based Systems, GTEP: Equilibrium, GTEP: Game Theory


A Fisher market is an economic model of buyer and seller interactions in which each buyer’s utility depends only on the bundle of goods she obtains. Many people’s interests, however, are affected by their social interactions with others. In this paper, we introduce a generalization of Fisher markets, namely influence Fisher markets, which captures the impact of social influence on buyers’ utilities. We show that competitive equilibria in influence Fisher markets correspond to generalized Nash equilibria in an associated pseudo-game, which implies the existence of competitive equilibria in all influence Fisher markets with continuous and concave utility functions. We then construct a monotone pseudo-game, whose variational equilibria and their duals together characterize competitive equilibria in influence Fisher markets with continuous, jointly concave, and homogeneous utility functions. This observation implies that competitive equilibria in these markets can be computed in polynomial time under standard smoothness assumptions on the utility functions. The dual of this second pseudo-game enables us to interpret the competitive equilibria of influence CCH Fisher markets as the solutions to a system of simultaneous Stackelberg games. Finally, we derive a novel first-order method that solves this Stackelberg system in polynomial time, prove that it is equivalent to computing competitive equilibrium prices via tâtonnement, and run experiments that confirm our theoretical results.




How to Cite

Zhao, J., Goktas, D., & Greenwald, A. (2023). Fisher Markets with Social Influence. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 37(5), 5900-5909.



AAAI Technical Track on Game Theory and Economic Paradigms