ContrastNet: A Contrastive Learning Framework for Few-Shot Text Classification
Keywords:Speech & Natural Language Processing (SNLP)
AbstractFew-shot text classification has recently been promoted by the meta-learning paradigm which aims to identify target classes with knowledge transferred from source classes with sets of small tasks named episodes. Despite their success, existing works building their meta-learner based on Prototypical Networks are unsatisfactory in learning discriminative text representations between similar classes, which may lead to contradictions during label prediction. In addition, the task-level and instance-level overfitting problems in few-shot text classification caused by a few training examples are not sufficiently tackled. In this work, we propose a contrastive learning framework named ContrastNet to tackle both discriminative representation and overfitting problems in few-shot text classification. ContrastNet learns to pull closer text representations belonging to the same class and push away text representations belonging to different classes, while simultaneously introducing unsupervised contrastive regularization at both task-level and instance-level to prevent overfitting. Experiments on 8 few-shot text classification datasets show that ContrastNet outperforms the current state-of-the-art models.
How to Cite
Chen, J., Zhang, R., Mao, Y., & Xu, J. (2022). ContrastNet: A Contrastive Learning Framework for Few-Shot Text Classification. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(10), 10492-10500. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i10.21292
AAAI Technical Track on Speech and Natural Language Processing