Active Learning for Domain Adaptation: An Energy-Based Approach
Keywords:Machine Learning (ML), Computer Vision (CV)
AbstractUnsupervised domain adaptation has recently emerged as an effective paradigm for generalizing deep neural networks to new target domains. However, there is still enormous potential to be tapped to reach the fully supervised performance. In this paper, we present a novel active learning strategy to assist knowledge transfer in the target domain, dubbed active domain adaptation. We start from an observation that energy-based models exhibit free energy biases when training (source) and test (target) data come from different distributions. Inspired by this inherent mechanism, we empirically reveal that a simple yet efficient energy-based sampling strategy sheds light on selecting the most valuable target samples than existing approaches requiring particular architectures or computation of the distances. Our algorithm, Energy-based Active Domain Adaptation (EADA), queries groups of target data that incorporate both domain characteristic and instance uncertainty into every selection round. Meanwhile, by aligning the free energy of target data compact around the source domain via a regularization term, domain gap can be implicitly diminished. Through extensive experiments, we show that EADA surpasses state-of-the-art methods on well-known challenging benchmarks with substantial improvements, making it a useful option in the open world. Code is available at https://github.com/BIT-DA/EADA.
How to Cite
Xie, B., Yuan, L., Li, S., Liu, C. H., Cheng, X., & Wang, G. (2022). Active Learning for Domain Adaptation: An Energy-Based Approach. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(8), 8708-8716. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i8.20850
AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning III