On the Impossibility of Non-trivial Accuracy in Presence of Fairness Constraints
Keywords:Machine Learning (ML), Philosophy And Ethics Of AI (PEAI)
AbstractOne of the main concerns about fairness in machine learning (ML) is that, in order to achieve it, one may have to trade off some accuracy. To overcome this issue, Hardt et al. proposed the notion of equality of opportunity (EO), which is compatible with maximal accuracy when the target label is deterministic with respect to the input features. In the probabilistic case, however, the issue is more complicated: It has been shown that under differential privacy constraints, there are data sources for which EO can only be achieved at the total detriment of accuracy, in the sense that a classifier that satisfies EO cannot be more accurate than a trivial (random guessing) classifier. In our paper we strengthen this result by removing the privacy constraint. Namely, we show that for certain data sources, the most accurate classifier that satisfies EO is a trivial classifier. Furthermore, we study the trade-off between accuracy and EO loss (opportunity difference), and provide a sufficient condition on the data source under which EO and non-trivial accuracy are compatible.
How to Cite
Pinzón, C., Palamidessi, C., Piantanida, P., & Valencia, F. (2022). On the Impossibility of Non-trivial Accuracy in Presence of Fairness Constraints. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(7), 7993-8000. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i7.20770
AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning II