Being Friends Instead of Adversaries: Deep Networks Learn from Data Simplified by Other Networks
Keywords:Machine Learning (ML)
AbstractAmongst a variety of approaches aimed at making the learning procedure of neural networks more effective, the scientific community developed strategies to order the examples according to their estimated complexity, to distil knowledge from larger networks, or to exploit the principles behind adversarial machine learning. A different idea has been recently proposed, named Friendly Training, which consists in altering the input data by adding an automatically estimated perturbation, with the goal of facilitating the learning process of a neural classifier. The transformation progressively fades-out as long as training proceeds, until it completely vanishes. In this work we revisit and extend this idea, introducing a radically different and novel approach inspired by the effectiveness of neural generators in the context of Adversarial Machine Learning. We propose an auxiliary multi-layer network that is responsible of altering the input data to make them easier to be handled by the classifier at the current stage of the training procedure. The auxiliary network is trained jointly with the neural classifier, thus intrinsically increasing the 'depth' of the classifier, and it is expected to spot general regularities in the data alteration process. The effect of the auxiliary network is progressively reduced up to the end of training, when it is fully dropped and the classifier is deployed for applications. We refer to this approach as Neural Friendly Training. An extended experimental procedure involving several datasets and different neural architectures shows that Neural Friendly Training overcomes the originally proposed Friendly Training technique, improving the generalization of the classifier, especially in the case of noisy data.
How to Cite
Marullo, S., Tiezzi, M., Gori, M., & Melacci, S. (2022). Being Friends Instead of Adversaries: Deep Networks Learn from Data Simplified by Other Networks. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 36(7), 7728-7735. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v36i7.20740
AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning II