DeepCOVID: An Operational Deep Learning-driven Framework for Explainable Real-time COVID-19 Forecasting
Keywords:Epidemic Forecasting, COVID-19, Deep Learning, Artificial Intelligence For Social Good
AbstractHow do we forecast an emerging pandemic in real time in a purely data-driven manner? How to leverage rich heterogeneous data based on various signals such as mobility, testing, and/or disease exposure for forecasting? How to handle noisy data and generate uncertainties in the forecast? In this paper, we present DeepCOVID, an operational deep learning framework designed for real-time COVID-19 forecasting. DeepCOVID works well with sparse data and can handle noisy heterogeneous data signals by propagating the uncertainty from the data in a principled manner resulting in meaningful uncertainties in the forecast. The deployed framework also consists of modules for both real-time and retrospective exploratory analysis to enable interpretation of the forecasts. Results from real-time predictions (featured on the CDC website and FiveThirtyEight.com) since April 2020 indicates that our approach is competitive among the methods in the COVID-19 Forecast Hub, especially for short-term predictions.
How to Cite
Rodríguez, A., Tabassum, A., Cui, J., Xie, J., Ho, J., Agarwal, P., Adhikari, B., & Prakash, B. A. (2021). DeepCOVID: An Operational Deep Learning-driven Framework for Explainable Real-time COVID-19 Forecasting. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(17), 15393-15400. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v35i17.17808
IAAI Technical Track on Emerging Applications of AI