EECBS: A Bounded-Suboptimal Search for Multi-Agent Path Finding


  • Jiaoyang Li University of Southern California
  • Wheeler Ruml University of New Hampshire
  • Sven Koenig University of Southern California



Heuristic Search, Multiagent Planning, Deterministic Planning, Coordination and Collaboration


Multi-Agent Path Finding (MAPF), i.e., finding collision-free paths for multiple robots, is important for many applications where small runtimes are necessary, including the kind of automated warehouses operated by Amazon. CBS is a leading two-level search algorithm for solving MAPF optimally. ECBS is a bounded-suboptimal variant of CBS that uses focal search to speed up CBS by sacrificing optimality and instead guaranteeing that the costs of its solutions are within a given factor of optimal. In this paper, we study how to decrease its runtime even further using inadmissible heuristics. Motivated by Explicit Estimation Search (EES), we propose Explicit Estimation CBS (EECBS), a new bounded-suboptimal variant of CBS, that uses online learning to obtain inadmissible estimates of the cost of the solution of each high-level node and uses EES to choose which high-level node to expand next. We also investigate recent improvements of CBS and adapt them to EECBS. We find that EECBS with the improvements runs significantly faster than the state-of-the-art bounded-suboptimal MAPF algorithms ECBS, BCP-7, and eMDD-SAT on a variety of MAPF instances. We hope that the scalability of EECBS enables additional applications for bounded-suboptimal MAPF algorithms.




How to Cite

Li, J., Ruml, W., & Koenig, S. (2021). EECBS: A Bounded-Suboptimal Search for Multi-Agent Path Finding. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(14), 12353-12362.



AAAI Technical Track on Search and Optimization