Learning Interpretable Models for Coupled Networks Under Domain Constraints

Authors

  • Hongyuan You University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Sikun Lin University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Ambuj Singh University of California, Santa Barbara

Keywords:

Graph-based Machine Learning, Natural Sciences, Constraint Optimization, Graph Mining, Social Network Analysis & Community

Abstract

Modeling the behavior of coupled networks is challenging due to their intricate dynamics. For example in neuroscience, it is of critical importance to understand the relationship between the functional neural processes and the anatomical connectivities. Modern neuroimaging techniques allow us to separately measure functional connectivities through fMRI imaging and measure underlying white matter wirings through diffusion imaging. Previous studies have shown that structural edges in brain networks improve the inference of functional edges and vice versa. In this paper, we investigate the idea of coupled networks through an optimization framework by focusing on interactions between structural edges and functional edges of brain networks. We consider both types of edges as observed instances of random variables that represent different underlying network processes. The proposed framework does not depend on the Gaussian functional form and achieves a more robust selection on non-Gaussian data compared with existing approaches. To incorporate existing domain knowledge into such studies, we propose a novel formulation to place hard network constraints on the noise term while estimating interactions. This not only leads to a cleaner way of applying network constraints but also brings a more scalable solution when the network connectivity is sparse. We validate our method on multishell diffusion and task-evoked fMRI datasets from Human Connectome Project, leading to both important insights on structural backbones that support various types of task activities performed during the scanning sessions as well as general solutions to the study of coupled networks.

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Published

2021-05-18

How to Cite

You, H., Lin, S., & Singh, A. (2021). Learning Interpretable Models for Coupled Networks Under Domain Constraints. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(12), 10727-10736. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/17282

Issue

Section

AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning V