Explicitly Modeled Attention Maps for Image Classification


  • Andong Tan Technical University of Munich Robert Bosch GmbH
  • Duc Tam Nguyen University of Freiburg Robert Bosch GmbH
  • Maximilian Dax University of Bonn Robert Bosch GmbH
  • Matthias Nießner Technical University of Munich
  • Thomas Brox University of Freiburg




Classification and Regression


Self-attention networks have shown remarkable progress in computer vision tasks such as image classification. The main benefit of the self-attention mechanism is the ability to capture long-range feature interactions in attention-maps. However, the computation of attention-maps requires a learnable key, query, and positional encoding, whose usage is often not intuitive and computationally expensive. To mitigate this problem, we propose a novel self-attention module with explicitly modeled attention-maps using only a single learnable parameter for low computational overhead. The design of explicitly modeled attention-maps using geometric prior is based on the observation that the spatial context for a given pixel within an image is mostly dominated by its neighbors, while more distant pixels have a minor contribution. Concretely, the attention-maps are parametrized via simple functions (e.g., Gaussian kernel) with a learnable radius, which is modeled independently of the input content. Our evaluation shows that our method achieves an accuracy improvement of up to 2.2% over the ResNet-baselines in ImageNet ILSVRC and outperforms other self-attention methods such as AA-ResNet152 in accuracy by 0.9% with 6.4% fewer parameters and 6.7% fewer GFLOPs. This result empirically indicates the value of incorporating geometric prior into self-attention mechanism when applied in image classification.




How to Cite

Tan, A., Nguyen, D. T., Dax, M., Nießner, M., & Brox, T. (2021). Explicitly Modeled Attention Maps for Image Classification. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(11), 9799-9807. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v35i11.17178



AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning IV