Multi-type Disentanglement without Adversarial Training

Authors

  • Lei Sha University of Oxford
  • Thomas Lukasiewicz University of Oxford

Keywords:

Neural Generative Models & Autoencoders, Interpretaility & Analysis of NLP Models, Representation Learning, Generation

Abstract

Controlling the style of natural language by disentangling the latent space is an important step towards interpretable machine learning. After the latent space is disentangled, the style of a sentence can be transformed by tuning the style representation without affecting other features of the sentence. Previous works usually use adversarial training to guarantee that disentangled vectors do not affect each other. However, adversarial methods are difficult to train. Especially when there are multiple features (e.g., sentiment, or tense, which we call style types in this paper), each feature requires a separate discriminator for extracting a disentangled style vector corresponding to that feature. In this paper, we propose a unified distribution-controlling method, which provides each specific style value (the value of style types, e.g., positive sentiment, or past tense) with a unique representation. This method contributes a solid theoretical basis to avoid adversarial training in multi-type disentanglement. We also propose multiple loss functions to achieve a style-content disentanglement as well as a disentanglement among multiple style types. In addition, we observe that if two different style types always have some specific style values that occur together in the dataset, they will affect each other when transferring the style values. We call this phenomenon training bias , and we propose a loss function to alleviate such training bias while disentangling multiple types. We conduct experiments on two datasets (Yelp service reviews and Amazon product reviews) to evaluate the style-disentangling effect and the unsupervised style-transfer performance on two style types: sentiment and tense. The experimental results show the effectiveness of our model.

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Published

2021-05-18

How to Cite

Sha, L., & Lukasiewicz, T. (2021). Multi-type Disentanglement without Adversarial Training. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(11), 9515-9523. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/17146

Issue

Section

AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning IV