Learning of Structurally Unambiguous Probabilistic Grammars


  • Dolav Nitay Ben Gurion University
  • Dana Fisman Ben Gurion University
  • Michal Ziv-Ukelson Ben Gurion University




Active Learning, Learning Theory, Bioinformatics, Interpretaility & Analysis of NLP Models


The problem of identifying a probabilistic context free grammar has two aspects: the first is determining the grammar's topology (the rules of the grammar) and the second is estimating probabilistic weights for each rule. Given the hardness results for learning context-free grammars in general, and probabilistic grammars in particular, most of the literature has concentrated on the second problem. In this work we address the first problem. We restrict attention to structurally unambiguous weighted context-free grammars (SUWCFG) and provide a query learning algorithm for strucuturally unambiguous probabilistic context-free grammars (SUPCFG). We show that SUWCFG can be represented using co-linear multiplicity tree automata (CMTA), and provide a polynomial learning algorithm that learns CMTAs. We show that the learned CMTA can be converted into a probabilistic grammar, thus providing a complete algorithm for learning a strucutrally unambiguous probabilistic context free grammar (both the grammar topology and the probabilistic weights) using structured membership queries and structured equivalence queries. We demonstrate the usefulness of our algorithm in learning PCFGs over genomic data.




How to Cite

Nitay, D., Fisman, D., & Ziv-Ukelson, M. (2021). Learning of Structurally Unambiguous Probabilistic Grammars. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(10), 9170-9178. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v35i10.17107



AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning III