Neighborhood Consensus Networks for Unsupervised Multi-view Outlier Detection

Authors

  • Li Cheng College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China
  • Yijie Wang College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China
  • Xinwang Liu College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, China

Keywords:

Multi-instance/Multi-view Learning, Anomaly/Outlier Detection

Abstract

Multi-view outlier detection recently attracted rapidly growing attention with the development of multi-view learning. Although promising performance demonstrated, we observe that identifying outliers in multi-view data is still a challenging task due to the complicated characteristics of multi-view data. Specifically, an effective multi-view outlier detection method should be able to handle (1) different types of outliers; (2) two or more views; (3) samples without clusters; (4) high dimensional data. Unfortunately, little is known about how these four issues can be handled simultaneously. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised multi-view outlier detection method to address these issues. Our method is based on the proposed novel neighborhood consensus networks termed NC-Nets, which automatically encodes intrinsic information into a comprehensive latent space for each view (for issue (4)) and uniforms the neighborhood structures among different views (for issue (2)). Accordingly, we propose an outlier score measurement which consists of two parts: the within-view reconstruction score and the cross-view neighborhood consensus score. The measurement is designed based on the characteristics of the different outlier types (for issue (1)) and no cluster assumption is needed (for issue (3)). Experimental results show that our method significantly outperforms state-of-the-art methods. On average, our method achieves 11.2% ~ 96.2% improvement in term of AUC and 33.5% ~ 352.7% improvement in term of F1-Score.

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Published

2021-05-18

How to Cite

Cheng, L., Wang, Y., & Liu, X. (2021). Neighborhood Consensus Networks for Unsupervised Multi-view Outlier Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(8), 7099-7106. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/16873

Issue

Section

AAAI Technical Track on Machine Learning I