ChronoR: Rotation Based Temporal Knowledge Graph Embedding


  • Ali Sadeghian University of Florida
  • Mohammadreza Armandpour Texas A&M University
  • Anthony Colas University of Florida
  • Daisy Zhe Wang Univeresity of Florida


Geometric, Spatial, and Temporal Reasoning, Graph-based Machine Learning, Relational Learning


Despite the importance and abundance of temporal knowledge graphs, most of the current research has been focused on reasoning on static graphs. In this paper, we study the challenging problem of inference over temporal knowledge graphs. In particular, the task of temporal link prediction. In general, this is a difficult task due to data non-stationarity, data heterogeneity, and its complex temporal dependencies. We propose Chronological Rotation embedding (ChronoR), a novel model for learning representations for entities, relations, and time. Learning dense representations is frequently used as an efficient and versatile method to perform reasoning on knowledge graphs. The proposed model learns a k-dimensional rotation transformation parametrized by relation and time, such that after each fact's head entity is transformed using the rotation, it falls near its corresponding tail entity. By using high dimensional rotation as its transformation operator, ChronoR captures rich interaction between the temporal and multi-relational characteristics of a Temporal Knowledge Graph. Experimentally, we show that ChronoR is able to outperform many of the state-of-the-art methods on the benchmark datasets for temporal knowledge graph link prediction.




How to Cite

Sadeghian, A., Armandpour, M., Colas, A., & Wang, D. Z. (2021). ChronoR: Rotation Based Temporal Knowledge Graph Embedding. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(7), 6471-6479. Retrieved from



AAAI Technical Track on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning