Beating Attackers At Their Own Games: Adversarial Example Detection Using Adversarial Gradient Directions
Keywords:Adversarial Attacks & Robustness
AbstractAdversarial examples are input examples that are specifically crafted to deceive machine learning classifiers. State-of-the-art adversarial example detection methods characterize an input example as adversarial either by quantifying the magnitude of feature variations under multiple perturbations or by measuring its distance from estimated benign example distribution. Instead of using such metrics, the proposed method is based on the observation that the directions of adversarial gradients when crafting (new) adversarial examples play a key role in characterizing the adversarial space. Compared to detection methods that use multiple perturbations, the proposed method is efficient as it only applies a single random perturbation on the input example. Experiments conducted on two different databases, CIFAR-10 and ImageNet, show that the proposed detection method achieves, respectively, 97.9% and 98.6% AUC-ROC (on average) on five different adversarial attacks, and outperforms multiple state-of-the-art detection methods. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of using adversarial gradient directions for adversarial example detection.
How to Cite
Wu, Y., Arora, S. S., Wu, Y., & Yang, H. (2021). Beating Attackers At Their Own Games: Adversarial Example Detection Using Adversarial Gradient Directions. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(4), 2969-2977. Retrieved from https://ojs.aaai.org/index.php/AAAI/article/view/16404
AAAI Technical Track on Computer Vision III