Initiative Defense against Facial Manipulation


  • Qidong Huang University of Science and Technology of China
  • Jie Zhang University of Science and Technology of China
  • Wenbo Zhou University of Science and Technology of China
  • Weiming Zhang University of Science and Technology of China
  • Nenghai Yu University of Science and Technology of China



Adversarial Attacks & Robustness, Security, Ethics -- Bias, Fairness, Transparency & Privacy, Biometrics, Face, Gesture & Pose


Benefiting from the development of generative adversarial networks (GAN), facial manipulation has achieved significant progress in both academia and industry recently. It inspires an increasing number of entertainment applications but also incurs severe threats to individual privacy and even political security meanwhile. To mitigate such risks, many countermeasures have been proposed. However, the great majority methods are designed in a passive manner, which is to detect whether the facial images or videos are tampered after their wide propagation. These detection-based methods have a fatal limitation, that is, they only work for ex-post forensics but can not prevent the engendering of malicious behavior. To address the limitation, in this paper, we propose a novel framework of initiative defense to degrade the performance of facial manipulation models controlled by malicious users. The basic idea is to actively inject imperceptible venom into target facial data before manipulation. To this end, we first imitate the target manipulation model with a surrogate model, and then devise a poison perturbation generator to obtain the desired venom. An alternating training strategy are further leveraged to train both the surrogate model and the perturbation generator. Two typical facial manipulation tasks: face attribute editing and face reenactment, are considered in our initiative defense framework. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our framework in different settings. Finally, we hope this work can shed some light on initiative countermeasures against more adversarial scenarios.




How to Cite

Huang, Q., Zhang, J., Zhou, W., Zhang, W., & Yu, N. (2021). Initiative Defense against Facial Manipulation. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(2), 1619-1627.



AAAI Technical Track on Computer Vision I