Spatial-temporal Causal Inference for Partial Image-to-video Adaptation
Keywords:Video Understanding & Activity Analysis
AbstractImage-to-video adaptation leverages off-the-shelf learned models in labeled images to help classification in unlabeled videos, thus alleviating the high computation overhead of training a video classifier from scratch. This task is very challenging since there exist two types of domain shifts between images and videos: 1) spatial domain shift caused by static appearance variance between images and video frames, and 2) temporal domain shift caused by the absence of dynamic motion in images. Moreover, for different video classes, these two domain shifts have different effects on the domain gap and should not be treated equally during adaptation. In this paper, we propose a spatial-temporal causal inference framework for image-to-video adaptation. We first construct a spatial-temporal causal graph to infer the effects of the spatial and temporal domain shifts by performing counterfactual causality. We then learn causality-guided bidirectional heterogeneous mappings between images and videos to adaptively reduce the two domain shifts. Moreover, to relax the assumption that the label spaces of the image and video domains are the same by the existing methods, we incorporate class-wise alignment into the learning of image-video mappings to perform partial image-to-video adaptation where the image label space subsumes the video label space. Extensive experiments on several video datasets have validated the effectiveness of our proposed method.
How to Cite
Chen, J., Wu, X., Hu, Y., & Luo, J. (2021). Spatial-temporal Causal Inference for Partial Image-to-video Adaptation. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 35(2), 1027-1035. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v35i2.16187
AAAI Technical Track on Computer Vision I