Unified Spectral Clustering With Optimal Graph
Keywords:spectral clustering, graph construction, kernel method
Spectral clustering has found extensive use in many areas. Most traditional spectral clustering algorithms work in three separate steps: similarity graph construction; continuous labels learning; discretizing the learned labels by k-means clustering. Such common practice has two potential flaws, which may lead to severe information loss and performance degradation. First, predefined similarity graph might not be optimal for subsequent clustering. It is well-accepted that similarity graph highly affects the clustering results. To this end, we propose to automatically learn similarity information from data and simultaneously consider the constraint that the similarity matrix has exact c connected components if there are c clusters. Second, the discrete solution may deviate from the spectral solution since k-means method is well-known as sensitive to the initialization of cluster centers. In this work, we transform the candidate solution into a new one that better approximates the discrete one. Finally, those three subtasks are integrated into a unified framework, with each subtask iteratively boosted by using the results of the others towards an overall optimal solution. It is known that the performance of a kernel method is largely determined by the choice of kernels. To tackle this practical problem of how to select the most suitable kernel for a particular data set, we further extend our model to incorporate multiple kernel learning ability. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superiority of our proposed method as compared to existing clustering approaches.