Revolutionizing AI-Assisted Education with Federated Learning: A Pathway to Distributed, Privacy-Preserving, and Debiased Learning Ecosystems


  • Anurata Prabha Hridi North Carolina State University
  • Rajeev Sahay UC San Diego
  • Seyyedali Hosseinalipour University at Buffalo–SUNY
  • Bita Akram North Carolina State University



ML: Distributed Machine Learning & Federated Learning, APP: Education, PEAI: Privacy And Security


The majority of current research on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education relies on centralized model training architectures. Typically, this involves pooling data at a centralized location alongside an ML model training module, such as a cloud server. However, this approach necessitates transferring student data across the network, leading to privacy concerns. In this paper, we explore the application of federated learning (FL), a highly recognized distributed ML technique, within the educational ecosystem. We highlight the potential benefits FL offers to students, classrooms, and institutions. Also, we identify a range of technical, logistical, and ethical challenges that impede the sustainable implementation of FL in the education sector. Finally, we discuss a series of open research directions, focusing on nuanced aspects of FL implementation in educational contexts. These directions aim to explore and address the complexities of applying FL in varied educational settings, ensuring its deployment is technologically sound, beneficial, and equitable for all stakeholders involved.