Cognitive Architecture toward Common Ground Sharing among Humans and Generative AIs: Trial Modeling on Model-Model Interaction in Tangram Naming Task


  • Junya Morita Shizuoka University
  • Tatsuya Yui Shizuoka University
  • Takeru Amaya Shizuoka Universoty
  • Ryuichiro Higashinaka Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Coproration
  • Yugo Takeuchi Shizuoka University



Common Ground, Communication, Image Generation


For generative AIs to be trustworthy, establishing transparent common grounding with humans is essential. As a preparation toward human-model common grounding, this study examines the process of model-model common grounding. In this context, common ground is defined as a cognitive framework shared among agents in communication, enabling the connection of symbols exchanged between agents to the meanings inherent in each agent. This connection is facilitated by a shared cognitive framework among the agents involved. In this research, we focus on the tangram naming task (TNT) as a testbed to examine the common-ground-building process. Unlike previous models designed for this task, our approach employs generative AIs to visualize the internal processes of the model. In this task, the sender constructs a metaphorical image of an abstract figure within the model and generates a detailed description based on this image. The receiver interprets the generated description from the partner by constructing another image and reconstructing the original abstract figure. Preliminary results from the study show an improvement in task performance beyond the chance level, indicating the effect of the common cognitive framework implemented in the models. Additionally, we observed that incremental backpropagations leveraging successful communication cases for a component of the model led to a statistically significant increase in performance. These results provide valuable insights into the mechanisms of common grounding made by generative AIs, improving human communication with the evolving intelligent machines in our future society.






Integration of Cognitive Architectures and Generative Models