RoboCup Soccer Leagues


  • Daniele Nardi Sapienza University of Rome
  • Itsuk Noda National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Fernando Ribeiro University of Minho
  • Peter Stone
  • Oskar von Stryk Technische Universität Darmstadt
  • Manuela Veloso Carnegie Mellon University



RoboCup was created in 1996 by a group of Japanese, American, and European artificial intelligence and robotics researchers with a formidable, visionary long-term challenge: By 2050 a team of robot soccer players will beat the human World Cup champion team. In this article, we focus on RoboCup robot soccer, and present its five current leagues, which address complementary scientific challenges through different robot and physical setups. Full details on the status of the RoboCup soccer leagues, including league history and past results, upcoming competitions, and detailed rules and specifications are available from the league homepages and wikis.




How to Cite

Nardi, D., Noda, I., Ribeiro, F., Stone, P., von Stryk, O., & Veloso, M. (2014). RoboCup Soccer Leagues. AI Magazine, 35(3), 77-85.



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