Mapping the Landscape of Human-Level Artificial General Intelligence


  • Sam Adams IBM
  • Itmar Arel University of Tennessee
  • Joscha Bach Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Robert Coop University of Tennessee
  • Rod Furlan Quaternix Research, Inc.
  • Ben Goertzel
  • J. Storrs Hall Independent Researcher and Author
  • Alexei Samsonovich George Mason University
  • Matthias Scheutz Tufts University
  • Matthew Schlesinger Southern Illinois University, Carbondale
  • Stuart C. Shapiro University of Buffalo, State University of New York
  • John Sowa VivoMind Research, LLC



general intelligence, human-level intelligence, evaluation


We present the broad outlines of a roadmap toward human-level artificial general intelligence (henceforth, AGI). We begin by discussing AGI in general, adopting a pragmatic goal for its attainment and a necessary foundation of characteristics and requirements. An initial capability landscape will be presented, drawing on major themes from developmental psychology and illuminated by mathematical, physiological and information processing perspectives. The challenge of identifying appropriate tasks and environments for measuring AGI will be addressed, and seven scenarios will be presented as milestones suggesting a roadmap across the AGI landscape along with directions for future research and collaboration.

Author Biographies

Itmar Arel, University of Tennessee

Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Director, Machine Intelligence Laboratory

Joscha Bach, Humboldt University of Berlin

Research Fellow, Berlin School of Mind and Brain

Robert Coop, University of Tennessee

Doctoral Candidate

Rod Furlan, Quaternix Research, Inc.

Chief, Research and Development

Alexei Samsonovich, George Mason University

Research Assistan Professor, Krasnow Institute of Advanced Study

Matthias Scheutz, Tufts University

Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering

Matthew Schlesinger, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology

Stuart C. Shapiro, University of Buffalo, State University of New York

Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering




How to Cite

Adams, S., Arel, I., Bach, J., Coop, R., Furlan, R., Goertzel, B., Hall, J. S., Samsonovich, A., Scheutz, M., Schlesinger, M., Shapiro, S. C., & Sowa, J. (2012). Mapping the Landscape of Human-Level Artificial General Intelligence. AI Magazine, 33(1), 25-42.